OTTAWA–When Edward Snowden started leaking secrets and techniques about mass surveillance within the United States, Canada’s digital spy company quietly questioned if their safety screening was enough to cease a copycat.

Newly launched paperwork present a number of the behind-the-scenes actions taken by the Communications Security Establishment (CSE) three years in the past, when contractor Snowden first pulled again the curtain on the West’s pervasive mass surveillance capabilities.

Whatever modifications have been contemplated have been blacked out from the closely censored doc, most watermarked “secret” or “top secret.” While the paperwork observe that CSE is usually assured in its safety clearance course of for contractors, officers added that contractors are solely “assessed for engagement for short, defined periods of time.”

Snowden fled the U.S. with an enormous cache of paperwork referring to the National Security Agency, CSE’s American counterpart and shut associate, whereas he was working as a contractor for the spy company. While hiding in Hong Kong in 2013, Snowden handed the paperwork to reporters from the Washington Post and the Guardian newspapers.

On June 6, 2013, the primary tales about U.S. mass surveillance hit the entrance web page — the NSA had a program referred to as PRISM, which gave them direct entry to the info mined by large web corporations together with Google and Facebook.

Within a month, CSE officers advised then chief John Forster the company may need to review a few of its safety practices round exterior contractors.

“Similar to its allies, CSE relies significantly on contractors for expertise in a broad range of activities,” the paperwork, requested by the Star in 2013 and obtained solely this month, learn.

“(But) there are some areas of contractor engagement that may benefit from a review of current practices.”

Two weeks later, one other memo to Forster complained a few “pervasive lack of knowledge and understanding, in the public realm, of CSE’s role and mission.” The secretive spy company, who had acquired lower than 40 media calls in 2012, was all of a sudden thrust into the highlight.

“As CSE has not been able to provide the level of detail about activities that the media requested, academics, so-called experts and commentators have provided their opinions on the subject,” the memo reads.

“While some commentators have been well-versed on the issues, and have outlined accurate accounts of CSE activities, others, including [name censored] have inaccurately represented CSE’s activities and authorities.”

“CSE has been accused of being too secretive, which has led to misunderstandings of the agency’s activities and authorities. This has highlighted the need for outreach to the academic community and to the media.”

CSE’s communications employees beneficial a briefing for teachers and journalists, together with reporters on the Star, La Presse, the Globe and Mail, the CBC and quite a few different retailers each Canadian and worldwide. It doesn’t seem that briefing occurred.

CSE did give a briefing earlier this yr, when its unbiased oversight physique revealed the company had inadvertently damaged the regulation by transferring Canadian metadata to worldwide companions. It was touted on the time as the primary press convention in CSE’s 70 yr historical past.

More of Snowden’s paperwork have been reported over the summer time in 2013. The U.S. and Britain, two members of the Five Eyes safety alliance that features Canada, spied on overseas diplomats at a G20 summit. The NSA spied on abnormal German residents in addition to excessive-worth targets like Chancellor Angela Merkel. The Americans additionally stored tabs on overseas media organizations.

As the tales continued to roll out each in North America and overseas, the CSE stored a cautious eye on the talk within the United States. An August 14 memo to Forster famous that whereas a dozen or so necessary disclosures about U.S. alerts intelligence had been revealed, the talk in that nation stayed stubbornly on the gathering of phone metadata.

On August 28, Forster briefed the prime minister’s nationwide safety adviser about Snowden. At the time, paperwork revealing CSE’s powers and actions had not but been made public — however the company had found out simply how a lot Snowden accessed and downloaded.

“CSE has focused its efforts on reviewing key Canadian (signals intelligence) access and collection capabilities that are deemed most valuable to determine the potential damage should information on these capabilities be released,” Forster wrote.

“CSE and its Five Eyes partners are working together to ensure consistent public messaging across all the allies regarding the unauthorized disclosures and their impact.”

The Star requested an interview with CSE about their safety screening of exterior contractors, and what modifications the company has put in place after Snowden’s disclosures. In a written response, the company stated they might not talk about safety points.

“However, I can tell you that CSE constantly reviews its security posture to ensure that security policies and practices remain effective at protecting CSE’s capabilities and information,” wrote company spokesperson Ryan Foreman in an e-mail, noting contractors should bear an in depth screening course of that features an in-depth interview, polygraph testing, and a psychological review.

Foreman added that Snowden’s disclosures have been dangerous to CSE’s operations — a line Five Eyes nations have persistently used since Snowden first revealed their actions.

Snowden stays dwelling in exile in Moscow, however has stated repeatedly stated that he would return to the United States if he could possibly be assured a good trial. The 33-year previous just lately joined the U.S.-based Freedom of the Press group as a director.



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